Pôle Innovation 4.0 Hub
The fourth industrial revolution "Industry 4.0" is characterized by optimization and management of assets, sharing and security of big data, tracking parts from cradle to grave (the "Digital Thread"), data analytics, Internet of Things (IoT) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). It is the transformation from the physical to the digital (the “Digital Twin”) and from clusters to cloud computing.
According to ÉTS Professor Hany Moustapha, Director of the Innovation 4.0 Hub, this revolution represents the "Democratization of Technology", where humans, computers, machines and products collaborate digitally and communicate seamlessly through integrated and optimized processes across the total product value stream, both within an enterprise, and upstream (with suppliers) and downstream (with customers).
One of the objectives of Industry 4.0 is the creation of the "Digital Enterprise". When compared to the three previous revolutions, it is characterized by real time connectivity, speed of implementation of the various technologies, a cultural change and development of new competencies.
Deloitte highlighted four challenges and solutions for Industry 4.0’s digital transformation in two reports published in 2014 and 2015:
Vertical networking of smart production systems, logistics and services;
Horizontal integration of business partners and customers across the globe;
Through-engineering throughout the entire product life cycle;
Acceleration through exponential technologies.
According to these reports, the five advanced technologies driving disruptive innovation are:
Networks (Internet of Things IoT, data, services and people);
Advanced manufacturing (3D printing);
Collaborative connected platforms. (cloud-computing and crowdsourcing).